Major Sporting Events – Social Media Drive

This post follows on nicely from my last post “The Cycle of Olympic Branding”. If you would like to read and find out more about social media and social networking in sports and tourism settings then just click on either “Social Media and the Attainment of Fantasy” or “Social Networking Sites – Tools for Future Academic Development”. The title for this post uses the major sporting event classification. This is partly because other sporting events will be mentioned like the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games. What will be insinuated in this blog is that there has been substantive social media drive in recent times associated with hosting major sporting events. This can be represented in the amount of users connecting to social media during the Games. In 2008 only 100 million users were registered on Facebook, and 6 million users on Twitter during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Since 2008 social media statistics have soared to over million active users on Facebook, and over 140 million users on Twitter.

Social media at the London 2012 Olympic Games will include platforms such as The Olympic Athletes’ Hub, which has been designed and launched in order to allow fans to follow their favourite Olympians. This Olympic Athletes’ Hub pools together verified social media feeds of over a thousand current and past competitors, across a range of sports. Alongside this The International Olympic Committee have also produced a set of social media, blogging and internet guidelines for accredited persons at London 2012. Understandably I have taken a more pessimistic view of the overall reach of this facility. To what extent this platform actually makes it more accessible for fans to connect with athletes will be in the hands of the IOC. LOCOG have recently launched their free official London 2012 Join in mobile application. Another application will be released before the start of the Games (official London 2012 Results application). It will include the directory of verified athlete social media accounts (the IOC’s Olympic Athletes’ Hub).

The BBC have announced details of their “Digital Olympics” coverage, enabling access to systems such as 24 live HD streams and a free Olympics mobile app. The British Olympic Association Chief Executive Andy Hunt says this summer’s Olympics will be the “Twitter Games”, in addition to being described as the first social media Olympics (London Tweety12). The Telegraph have even produced a list of the top 50 tweeters to follow during London 2012. This 2,500 hours of broadcasting during the Olympic Games has been invariably described as all consuming rather than comprehensive. The Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games have developed a social media hub designed to assess what the rest of the world is saying about the upcoming Commonwealth Games. Switching back to London 2012 there are those organisations like #media2012 striving to extend media participation on a local, regional and national level. #media2012 aim to curate a social media legacy for London 2012; they seek to encourage citizens to get actively involved in the Olympic and Paralympic movement. Their campaign video can be found here.


The Cycle of Olympic Branding

This blog entry will encompass a variety of themes from branding for the London 2012 Olympics, official sponsorship deals for London 2012, through to how London aims to build and distinguish its unique national and international tourism profile. Moreover tourism approaches adopted by the UK government for London 2012 will be assessed.

Olympic branding for London 2012 has been initiated to protect and therefore minimise the effect of practices like ambush marketing. Protection of the London Olympic brand has been crucial in promoting and developing London’s tourism destination image. London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games (LOCOG) have produced a set of brand protection guidelines for the tourism industry to follow, in addition to producing protection guidelines for conferences and events to adhere to. Scholars acknowledge the measures that have been taken to protect the Olympic brand may mean a win against ambush marketing for LOCOG. However these methods may actually work against the government in the long term. For example during the Games branding police have been assigned to the Olympic village to protect sponsors association with the Olympics. Furthermore, hundreds of uniformed officers will be touring the country tasked with enforcing sponsors’ marketing deals, and preventing organisations from staging ambush marketing during the Games.  These restrictions relating to protecting sponsors’ brands and broadcasting rights could actually limit the economic benefits to the capital’s economy. Moreover other academics have raised concerns over the current progress of the initiatives related to the planning of tourism activities in the region.

The London 2012 Games has a number of official sponsors including Olympic partners, supporters, providers and suppliers. Olympic organisers for London 2012 have given lucrative ticketing licenses to companies such as Jet Set Sports; enabling them to sell access to Olympic lanes. These ticketing deals featured prominently on the Dispatches documentary “Olympic Tickets for Sale”. A number of sponsors for London 2012 have received scrutiny from members of the general population. An example of this is Rio Tinto; they will be providing the metal for the medals for both the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Specific criticisms have been made about air quality and water scarcity at two mines providing the metal for the medalsKey stages of the London 2012 victory medals production process were also shown and explained on The One Show in relation to the metal provider Rio Tinto. Likewise other well known sponsors for the Games have been targeted by protest groups. Human rights and environmental pressure groups continue to campaign against sponsorship deals with Dow Chemical Company and BP. Sportswear manufacturers have also been caught up in a number of abuse scandals. Investigations have unearthed the truth regarding the treatment of workers in Bangladeshi sweatshops. Workers producing sportswear for Olympic sponsors Adidas, Nike and Puma have been beaten, verbally abused, underpaid and overworked. The challenge for sponsors is determining how to take full advantage of the global exposure afforded by associating with the Olympic Games in a way that enhances their brand, but at the same time does not undermine the prestigious reputation of the Olympic Games.

London has shown intent to pursue long term tourism benefits from hosting the 2012 Olympics. In charge of promoting this campaign is Visit Britain; they are attempting to deploy resources in order to deliver an all-Britain brand that far exceeds any previous attempts at branding Britain for tourism. Visit Britain has devised a four year marketing plan running up to and following on from the Olympic Games. Just recently Visit Britain and Enjoy England have started a number of TV advertising campaigns which coincide with the Games. Visit Britain’s advertising campaigns feature the likes of Judi Dench, Jamie Oliver and Dev Patel. Enjoy England’s campaign features famous British public figures such as Stephen Fry, Julie Walters and Rupert Grint. The government have predicted gross visitor spend in Britain generated by the London 2012 Games to reach £2.34 billion for the ten year period 2007 to 2017. But whether Britain achieves and fulfils those visitor targets and injections in income is a completely different matter. What is true though of the British government is that over the years they have expressed an unwillingness to adjust their tourism policies to suit the needs of the climate. However being awarded the 2012 Games appears to have acted as an exogenous shock to the policymakers and the overall tourism policy making system.

The Nature and Force of Dark Tourism

The first question that needs to be posed is what exactly constitutes dark tourism? Dark tourism (also known as thanatourism) is merely where travellers visit sites of death and brutality. However this definition can be extended further to cover the act of travel to sites associated with death, suffering and the seemingly macabre such as Auschwitz, Ground Zero or Chernobyl. Dark tourism may be a recent growth area for the travel industry but it’s certainly not a new phenomenon. Dark tourism has a long history, ranging from the Roman gladiatorial games, to public medieval executions, to guided morgue tours of Victorian England. Desires and motivations associated with visiting dark tourism sites still remain to be relatively unaddressed. But it may include a mix of reverence, voyeurism and even the thrill of coming into close proximity with death. Research indicates that motivations may include a sense of see it to believe it, and interest in having an emotional heritage experience. This short video produced by the BBC identifies examples of what may compel us to visit sites of mass death. Dark tourism offers new spaces to present and debate tragic history, and these new spaces of edutainment can inform individuals and offer them ethical guidance for the future. Dark tourism now has a dedicated centre for academic research at the University of Central Lancashire. The Institute for Dark Tourism Research is the world’s first research centre solely devoted to discovering why tourists feel compelled to visit dark tourism sites. This institute aims to become a global hub for dark tourism studies in addition to providing an ethical framework, and consequently assessing the packaging and commodification of death.

Contemporary Overview of Gay Tourism and its Formidable Role in Regeneration

Tourism Student’s Virtual Conference 2012

Conference Title: “The many faces of the global tourism experience in the 21st century”.

Strand 3: Love, peace and paradise: Tourism as a positive force in the world.

Full Conference Paper:

Did you know that?

In 2011, Tel Aviv (Israel) was named the best gay city travel destination in the world with 43% of the vote above the likes of New York (14%) and Toronto (7%), in surveys conducted by American Airlines and

There is a belief that this percentage would not be expected especially from a Middle East state such as Israel. However what it does seem to show is the gay tourism industry and gay travel destinations are starting to become immensely popular on a global scale. There is a suggestion that gay tourism can offer an array of benefits to the regeneration and development of tourism destinations. A global contemporary overview of gay tourism will be presented. Themes such as the popularity and desirability of tourism destinations, and impacts associated with promoting destinations as “gay destinations” will be considered and analysed. Essentially arguments will be directed towards the concept of gay tourism and its positive contribution to the regeneration of regional infrastructure.

Recently there has been a proliferation in the interest of gay tourism, its market conditions and potential opportunities. A key theme which lies at the heart of this dynamism is commonly attributed to the development of national and international events such as Mardi Gras, Gay Pride events and the Gay Games. Gay tourism may be perceived as the dream market for tourism destinations, in addition to it being perceived as more desirable in the long term, and attractive in economic terms (Hughes, Monterrubio and Miller, 2010). Gay tourists as opposed to heterosexual tourists relish having access to elements of gay space. The gay tourism market as a whole searches for access to gay space; if this space is not available they may choose to travel to other destinations. Popular gay tourism destinations are usually known for having strong gay populations and extensive gay space. The decision making process seems to be far more complex for gay tourists travelling to tourism destinations. Destination choice plays a significant role in the decision making process for gay tourists.

The popularity and desirability of particular tourism destinations in relation to gay tourism activities appears regularly in the literature. Melbourne and Adelaide in Australia have made a conscious business decision to host Gay Pride events, in order to create an association with the gay tourism market (Markwell and Waitt, 2009). Likewise Gran Canaria has promoted their landscape to the expanding gay tourism market. This has resulted in Gran Canaria becoming one of Europe’s leading destinations for this type of tourism (Melián-González, Moreno-Gil and Araña, 2011).

Regeneration and development is increasingly being implemented in order to develop financial and physical attributes such as city infrastructure. Gay tourism is considered to be a highly profitable form of tourism and can be viewed as a viable economical option, especially when coupled with culture, leisure and retail activities (Smith, 2004). Regeneration plans relating to gay tourism have featured to a greater extent in cities long term vision and ambition for transforming urban regions. The expansion of the gay tourism market in Melbourne and Adelaide has lead to a contemporary restructuring of urban space (Markwell and Waitt, 2009).

However there are challenges associated with promoting destinations as gay inclusive environments. This may result in destinations becoming undesirable for other types of tourists. Urban city environments may be interested in packaging particular destinations as gay destinations due to the supposed economic benefits that gay tourism brings, although it may result in many tourists feeling alienated (Casey, 2009; Hughes et al, 2010). Gay tourism development has not always been agreed on as the right direction to go for developing inter-city regions. Moreover gay tourism may be met with resistance and could well receive hostile responses from the host population.

Gay tourism crucially must be linked to long term regeneration and development strategies, in order to create vast benefits for the region. Gay tourism can act as a catalyst and explosive force for regeneration and development. Moreover gay tourism has the ability to reshape, transform and restore decaying urban and rural infrastructure. Gay leisure and tourism consumption can have a positive impact on local development in terms of stimulating and expanding urban renewal (Visser, 2003). For tourism destinations gay tourism may well offer substantial rewards in terms of rejuvenating the local and regional economy.

Key References

Hughes, H. L., Monterrubio, J. C., Miller, A., (2010). Gay tourists and host community attitudes. International Journal of Tourism Research. 12 (6), 774-786.

Markwell, K., Waitt, G., (2009). Festivals, Space and Sexuality: Gay Pride in Australia. Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment. 11 (2), 143-168.

Melián-González, A., Moreno-Gil, S., Araña, J. E., (2011). Gay tourism in a sun and beach destination. Tourism Management. 32 (5), 1027-1037.

The full reference for the conference paper is available here.

Spectacle Fever

This post aims to interpret and reflect upon the notion of the quintessential spectacle fever. In essence I will argue that present day sports have transcended into visible and outlandish spectacles. Factors such as the media, globalisation, commodification, and the changing social composition of spectators will be examined.

Over recent decades the nature and magnitude of many sporting events and experiences has seemingly changed. This notion that sport can be referred to as a type of spectacle is certainly nothing of a new phenomenon. This idea may have been influenced by the writings of Guy Debord and, in turn, his work may have resulted in the integration of words such as sport and spectacle. Debord first introduced a concept called “the Society of the Spectacle”; his work is predominantly understood to take critical viewpoint of contemporary consumer culture.

Debord’s work illustrates the dominant role of the media in directly influencing celebrity culture. The media have played a very important role in influencing attributes associated with a possible shift, from sport to spectacle. Media exposure and attention has the incredible ability to sustain and re-develop the spectator experience repeatedly. Moreover the media have given sports such as American football the chance to be able to transform their matches into attractive events and displays of a spectacle nature.

Globalisation and commodification of sports such as football may have caused sporting games to become visible spectacles. Globalisation and commodification of sports such as football may have caused changes in the type of spectator that attends matches. I believe sports have seen a diminishment in the ideals and characteristics such as authenticity and unpredictability which inherently dominated sporting games previously. The process of globalisation has increasingly resulted in the deconstruction of the traditional values and meanings connected to sporting pastimes.

Global entertainment franchises dominate 21st century life and culture, including examples like Britain’s Got Talent and the FIFA World Cup. Modern day football and the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic Games may both be representative of a form of spectacle. There is ever increasing trend towards the borrowing, manipulation and utilisation of aspects of entertainment. For example this can be shown in the case of the Superbowl. Moreover it could show a possible change in focus from the sport itself to the event that surrounds the sport. Today’s society features all manner of spectacles and displays which resonate entirely throughout contemporary culture like an apparent infectious fever.

Recommended Readings for Tourism and Sports Management Courses and Modules

Here is my comprehensive list of core and supplementary tourism and sports management textbooks, including latest editions and forthcoming releases. This may be particularly useful for tourism and sports business management courses and modules.

These texts have been grouped together into various themed areas, for example, tourism management, mega-events, dark tourism and leisure studies to name a few. Please feel free to click on the links below, it should forward you on to the Amazon UK website.

Accessible Tourism

Buhalis, D., Darcy, S., Ambrose, I., (2012). Best Practice in Accessible Tourism: Inclusion, Disability, Ageing Population and Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.


Sznajder, M. J., (2016). Rural Tourism and Agritourism in Metropolitan Areas. London: Routledge.

Torres, R. M., Momsen, J. H., (2011). Tourism and Agriculture: New Geographies of Consumption, Production and Rural Restructuring. London: Routledge.

Backpacker Tourism

Hampton, M., (2013). Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development in the Less Developed World. London: Routledge.

Hannam, K., Diekmann, A., (2010). Beyond Backpacker Tourism: Mobilities and Experiences. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Culture and Heritage Tourism

Barthel-Bouchier, D., (2012). Cultural Heritage and the Challenge of Sustainability. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Boniface, P., (2012). Managing Quality Cultural Tourism. London: Routledge.

Chhabra, D., (2010). Sustainable Marketing of Cultural and Heritage Tourism. London: Routledge.

Conlin, M., Jolliffe, L., (2011). Mining heritage and tourism: A global synthesis. London: Routledge.

Du Cros, H., Jolliffe, L., (2014). The Arts and Events. London: Routledge.

Du Cross, H., McKercher, B.,(2014). Cultural Tourism (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

French, Y., Runyard, S., (2011). Marketing and Public Relations for Museums, Galleries, Cultural and Heritage Attractions. London: Routledge.

Giaccardi, E., (2012). Heritage and Social Media: Understanding heritage in a participatory culture. London: Routledge.

Hanley, K., Walton, J. K., (2010). Constructing Cultural Tourism: John Ruskin and the Tourist Gaze. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Harrison, R., (2012). Heritage: Critical Approaches.London: Routledge.

Jolliffe, L., (2010). Coffee Culture, Destinations and Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Jolliffe, L., (2012). Sugar Heritage and Tourism in Transition. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Kaminski, J., Benson, A. M., Arnold, D., (2013). Contemporary Issues in Cultural Heritage Tourism. London: Routledge.

Macdonald, S., (2013). Memorylands: Heritage and Identity in Europe Today. London: Routledge.

Morpeth, N. D., Raj, R., Griffin, K. A., (2013). Cultural Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Park, H. Y., (2013). Heritage Tourism. London: Routledge.

Smith, L., Shackel, P., Campbell, G., (2011). Heritage, Labour and the Working Classes. London: Routledge.

Smith, L., Waterton, E., Watson, S., (2012). The Cultural Moment in Tourism. London: Routledge.

Staiff, R., Bushell, R., Watson, S., (2012). Heritage and Tourism: Place, Encounter, Engagement. London: Routledge.

Stefano, M. L., Davis, P., Corsane, G., (2012). Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage. Suffolk: Boydell Press.

Timothy, D. J., (2011). Cultural Heritage and Tourism: An Introduction. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Timothy, D. J., Nyaupane, G. P., (2009). Cultural Heritage and Tourism in the Developing World: A Regional Perspective. London: Routledge.

Tzanelli, R., (2013). Heritage in the Digital Era: Cinematic Tourism and the Activist Cause. London: Routledge.

Waterton, E., Watson, S., (2010). Culture, Heritage and Representation. Surrey: Ashgate.

Waterton, E., Watson, S., (2014). The Semiotics of Heritage Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Dark Tourism

Dalton, D., (2014). Dark Tourism and Crime. London: Routledge.

Hooper, G., Lennon, J. J., (2016). Dark Tourism: Practice and Interpretation. London: Routledge.

Korstanje, M. E., (2016). The Rise of Thana-Capitalism and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Sharpley, R., Stone, P. R., (2009). The Darker Side of Travel: The Theory and Practice of Dark Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Sion, B., (2013). Death Tourism: Disaster Sites as Recreational Landscape. London: Seagull.

Skinner, J., (2012). Writing the Dark Side of Travel. London: Berghahn.

Tzanelli, R., (2016). Thanatourism and Cinematic Representations of Risk: Screening the End of Tourism. London: Routledge.

White, L., Frew, E., (2013). Dark Tourism and Place Identity: Managing and Interpreting Dark Places. London: Routledge.

Willis, E., (2013). Theatricality, Dark Tourism and Ethical Spectatorship: Absent Others. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Destination Branding and Marketing

Baker, B., (2012). Destination Branding for Small Cities: The Essentials for Successful Place Branding (2nd eds). Portland: Creative Leap Books.

Kozak, M., Kozak, N., (2015). Destination Marketing: An international perspective. London: Routledge.

Marshall, K., (2016). Destination Marketing and Management: Theories and Applications. New York: Scitus Academics.

Morgan, N., Pritchard, A., Pride, R., (2011). Destination Brands: Managing Place Reputation (3rd eds). London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Pike, S., (2015). Destination Marketing: Essentials (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Tur, A., Kozak, M., (2015). Destination Competitiveness, the Environment and Sustainability: Challenges and Cases. Wallingford: CABI.

Doom Tourism or Last Chance Tourism

Lemelin, H., Dawson, J., Stewart, E. J., (2011). Last Chance Tourism: Adapting Tourism Opportunities in a Changing World. London: Routledge.

Education for Sustainable Development and Tourism

Blewitt, J., Tilbury, D., (2013). Searching for Resilience in Sustainable Development: Learning Journeys in Conservation. London: Routledge.

Caeiro, S., Leal Filho, W., Jabbour, C., (2013). Sustainability Assessment Tools in Higher Education Institutions: Mapping Trends and Good Practices Around the World. New York: Springer.

Crow, M. M., Debars, W. B., (2015). Designing the New American University. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Ellis, M., (2015). The Critical Global Educator: Global Citizenship Education as Sustainable Development. London: Routledge.

Gough, S., Scott, W., (2008). Higher Education and Sustainable Development: Paradox and Possibility. London: Routledge.

Leal Filho, W., Pace, P., (2016). Teaching Education for Sustainable Development at University Level. New York: Springer.

Molthan-Hill, P., (2014). The Business Student’s Guide to Sustainable Management: Principles and Practice. Saltaire: Greenleaf Publishing.

Moscardo, G., Benckendorff, P., (2015). Education for Sustainability in Tourism: A Handbook of Processes, Resources, and Strategies. New York: Springer.

Murray, P., (2011). The Sustainable Self: A Personal Approach to Sustainability Education. London: Routledge.

Sterling, S., Maxey, L., Luna, H., (2014). The Sustainable University: Progress and Prospects. London: Routledge.

Stibbe, A., (2009). The Handbook of Sustainability Literacy: Skills for a Changing World. Cambridge: Green Books.

Ethnic Tourism

Xie, P. F., (2010). Authenticating Ethnic Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Yang, L., Wall, G., (2014). Planning for Ethnic Tourism. Surrey: Ashgate.

Events and Urban Regeneration

Smith, A., (2012). Events and Urban Regeneration: The Strategic Use of Events to Revitalise Cities. London: Routledge.

Events Management

Ali-Knight, J., Robertson, M., Fyall, A., Ladkin, A., (2008). International Perspectives of Festivals and Events: Paradigms of Analysis. London: Elsevier.

Andrews, H., Leopold, T., (2013). Events and The Social Sciences. London: Routledge.

Beech, J., Kaiser, S., Kaspar, R., (2014). Events Management. London: Pearson.

Benson, A. M., Wise, N., (2017). International Sports Volunteering. London: Routledge.

Berners, P., (2017). The Practical Guide to Organising Events. London: Routledge.

Bladen, C., Kennell, J., Abson, E., Wilde, N., (2017). Events Management: An Introduction (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Bowdin, G., Allen, J., O’Toole, W., Harris, R., McDonnell, I., (2011). Events Management (3rd eds). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Case, R., (2012). Events and the Environment. London: Routledge.

Derrett, R., (2014). The Complete Guide to Creating Enduring Festivals. London: Wiley & Sons.

Dwyer, L., Wickens, E., (2012). Event Tourism and Cultural Tourism: Issues and Debates. London: Routledge.

Ferdinand, N., Kitchin, P. J., (2017). Events Management: An International Approach (2nd eds). London: Sage.

Finkel, R., (2018). Human Rights and Global Events. London: Routledge.

Foley, M., McGillivray, D., McPherson, G., (2011). Event Policy: From Theory to Strategy. London: Routledge.

Frost, W., Laing, J., (2013). Commemorative Events. London: Routledge.

Gerritsen, D., Olderen, R. V., (2014). Events as a Strategic Marketing Tool. Wallingford: CABI.

Getz, D., Page, S. J., (2016). Event Studies: Theory, Research and Policy for Planned Events (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Goldblatt, J., Goldblatt, S. D., (2013). Special Events: Creating and Sustaining a New World for Celebration (7th eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Greenwell, C. T., Danzey-Bussell, L. A., Shonk, D. J., (2013). Managing Sports Events. London: Human Kinetics.

Hannam, K., Mostafanezhad, M., Rickly, J., (2016). Event Mobilities: Politics, Place and Performance. London: Routledge.

Holmes, K., Hughes, M., Mair, J., Carlsen, J., (2015). Events and Sustainability. London: Routledge.

Jackson, N., (2013). Promoting and Marketing Events: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.

Jackson, N., (2016). A Practical Guide to Event Promotion. London: Routledge.

Jones, M., (2014). Sustainable Event Management: A Practical Guide (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Lamond, I. R., Platt, L., (2016). Critical Event Studies: Approaches to Research. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mallen, C., Adams, L., (2017). Event Management in Sport, Recreation and Tourism: Theoretical and Practical Dimensions (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Masterman, G., (2014). Strategic Sports Event Management (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

McGillivray, D., Turner, D., (2018). Event Bidding: Politics, Persuasion and Resistance. London: Routledge.

Pernecky, T., (2016). Approaches and Methods in Event Studies. London: Routledge.

Pernecky, T., Lück, M., (2012). Events, Society and Sustainability: Critical and Contemporary Approaches. London: Routledge.

Preston, C. A., (2012). Event Marketing: How to Successfully Promote Events, Festivals, Conventions, and Expositions (2nd eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Quinn, B., (2013). Key Concepts in Event Management. London: Sage.

Raj, R., Walters, P., Rashid, T., (2017). Events Management: Principles and Practice (3rd eds). London: Sage.

Reic, I., (2016). Events Marketing Management: A Consumer Perspective. London: Routledge.

Richards, G., Brito, M. D., Wilks, L., (2013). Exploring the Social Impacts of Events. London: Routledge.

Robinson, P., McPherson, G., Finkel, R., McGillivray, D., (2013). Research Themes for Events. Wallingford: CABI.

Robinson, P., Wale, D., Dickson, G., (2010). Events Management. Wallingford: CABI.

Rojek, C., (2013). Event Power: How Global Events Manage and Manipulate. London: Sage.

Shipway, R., Fyall, A., (2012). International Sports Events: Impacts, Experiences and Identities. London: Routledge.

Shone, A., Parry, B., (2013). Successful Event Management (4th eds). London: Cengage Learning.

Smith, A., (2015). Events in the City: Using public spaces as event venues. London: Routledge.

Smith, K., Lockstone-Binney, L., Holmes, K., Baum, T., (2014). Event Volunteering: International Perspectives on the Volunteering Experience at Events. London: Routledge.

Spracklen, K., Lamond, I. R., (2016). Critical Event Studies. London: Routledge.

Taks, M., Chalip, L., Green, C. B., (2015). Impacts and Strategic Outcomes from Non-mega Sport Events for Local Communities. London: Routledge.

Wagen, L. V. D., (2011). Event Management: for Tourism, Cultural Business & Sporting Events (4th eds). Adelaide: Pearson Education.

Weidenfeld, A., Butler, R., Williams, A. M., (2016). Visitor Attractions and Events: Locations and Linkages. London: Routledge.

Ziakas, V., (2013). Event Portfolio Planning and Management: A Holistic Approach. London: Routledge.

Events and Project Management

Gardiner, P. D., (2014). Project Management: A Strategic Planning Approach (2nd eds). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lock, D., (2007). The Essentials of Project Management (3rd eds). London: Gower.

O’Toole, W., Mikolaitis, P., Goldblatt, J.,(2014). Event Project Management (2nd eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Pielichaty, H., Els, G., Reed, I., Mawer, V., (2016). Events Project Management. London: Routledge.

Family Tourism

Schanzel, H., Carr, N., (2016). Children, Families and Leisure. London: Routledge.

Schanzel, H., Yeoman, I., Backer, E., (2012). Family Tourism: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Festivals and Tourism

Gibson, C., Connell, J., (2011). Festival Places: Revitalising Rural Australia. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Gibson, C., Connell, J., (2012). Music Festivals and Regional Development in Australia. Surrey: Ashgate.

Gold, J. R., Gold, M., (2014). Festival Cities: Culture, Planning and Urban Life Since 1945. London: Routledge. 

Picard, D., Robinson, M., (2006). Festivals, Tourism and Social Change: Remaking Worlds. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Film Induced Tourism

Beeton, S., (2016). Film-induced Tourism (2nd eds). Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Frost, W., Laing, J., (2015). Imagining the American West through Film and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Leotta, A., (2011). Touring the Screen: Tourism and New Zealand Film Geographies. London: Intellect.

Roesch, S., (2009). The Experiences of Film Location Tourists. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Tivers, J., Rakic, T., (2012). Narratives of Travel and Tourism. Surrey: Ashgate.

Future Tourism

Leigh, J., Webster, C., Ivanov, S., (2012). Future Tourism: Political, Social and Economic Challenges. London: Routledge.

Gössling, S., Hall, M. C., Weaver, D., (2012). Sustainable Tourism Futures: Perspectives on Systems, Restructuring and Innovations. London: Routledge.

Prebezac, D., Schott, S., (2014). The Tourism Education Futures Initiative. London: Routledge.

Sharpley, R., (2011). The Study of Tourism: Past Trends and Future Directions. London: Routledge.

Yeoman, I., (2012). 2050 – Tomorrow’s Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Yeoman, I., McMahon-Beattie, U., Meethan, K., Fields, K., Albrecht, J., (2015). The Future of Food Tourism: Foodies, Experiences, Exclusivity, Visions and Political Capital. London: Routledge.

Yeoman, I., Robertson, M., McMahon-Beattie, U., Backer, E., Smith, K., (2014). The Future of Events & Festivals. London: Routledge.

Garden Tourism

Benfield, R. W., (2013). Garden Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Gastronomy Tourism

Croce, E., Perri, G., (2010). Food and Wine Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Everett, S., (2016). Food and Drink Tourism. London: Sage.

Frost, W., Laing, J., Best, G., Williams, K., Strickland, P., Lade, C., (2016). Gastronomy, Tourism and the Media. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Hall, M. C., Gossling, S., (2012). Sustainable Culinary Systems: Local Foods, Innovation, and Tourism & Hospitality. London: Routledge.

Hall, M. C., Gossling, S., (2016). Food Tourism and Regional Development: Networks, products and trajectories. London: Routledge.

Hall, M. C., Mitchell, R., (2015). Wine Marketing. London: Routledge.

Harvey, M., White, L., Frost, W., (2013). Wine and Identity: Branding, Heritage, Terroir. London: Routledge.

Hjalager, A. M., Richards, G., (2011). Tourism and Gastronomy. London: Routledge.

Howland, P. J., (2014). Social, Cultural and Economic Impacts of Wine in New Zealand. London: Routledge.

Mergos, G., Papanastassiou, M., (2016). Food Security and Sustainability: Investment and Financing along Agro-Food Chains. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gender and Tourism

Aitchison, C. C., (2016). Gender and Tourism: Social, Cultural and Spatial Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Diamond, J., (2014). The Sex Tourism Handbook: Bed-Hopping in Bangkok, Rio, Prague, and Around the World. New York: Skyhorse Publishing.

Frohlick, S. E., (2012). Sexuality, Women, and Tourism: Cross-Border Desires Through Contemporary Travel. London: Routledge.

Jacobs, J., (2010). Sex, Tourism and the Postcolonial Encounter. Surrey: Ashgate.

Khoo-Lattimore, C., Mura, P., (2016). Asian Genders in Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Metusela, C., Waitt, G., (2012). Tourism and Australian Beach Cultures: Revealing Bodies. Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Pritchard, A., (2007). Tourism and Gender: Embodiement, Sensuality and Experience: Embodiment, Sensuality and Experience. Wallingford: CABI.

Sanders-McDonagh, E., (2016). Women and Sex Tourism Landscapes. London: Routledge.

Williams, E. L., (2014). Sex Tourism in Bahia: Ambiguous Entanglements. Illinois: University of Illinois Press.


Erfurt-Cooper, P., (2016). Volcanic Tourist Destinations. New York: Springer.

Hose, T. A., (2016). Geoheritage and Geotourism: A European Perspective. Suffolk: Boydell Press.

Newsome, D., Dowling, R. K., (2010). Geotourism: The Tourism of Geology and Landscape. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Hospitality Marketing and Management

Bojanic, D. C., Reid, R. D., (2016). Hospitality Marketing Management (6th eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Bowie, D., Buttle, F., Brookes, M., Mariussen, A., (2016). Hospitality Marketing (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Clarke, A., Chen, W., (2017). International Hospitality Management (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Legrand, W., Sloan, P., Chen, J. C., (2016). Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry: Principles of Sustainable Operations (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Walker, J. R., (2016). Introduction to Hospitality Management (7th eds). London: Pearson.

Weber, M., Finley, D. A., (2014). Strategic Hospitality Human Resources Management. London: Prentice Hall.

Human Resource Management in Sport and Tourism

Armstrong, M., Taylor, S., (2017). Armstrong’s Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice (14th eds). London: Kogan Page.

Boella, M., Goss-Turner, S., (2013). Human Resource Management in the Hospitality Industry (9th eds). London: Routledge.

Hayes, D. K., Ninemeier, J. D., (2009). Human Resources Management in the Hospitality Industry. London: Wiley & Sons.

Judge, T. A., (2018). Human Resource Management. London: Routledge.

Nickson, D., (2012). Human Resource Management for Hospitality, Tourism and Events (2nd eds). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Torrington, D., Taylor, S., Hall, L., Atkinson, C., (2014). Human Resource Management (9th eds). London: Prentice Hall.

Wolsey, C., Minten, S., Abrams, J., (2011). Human Resource Management in the Sport and Leisure Industry. London: Routledge.

Leisure Studies

Alexandris, K., (2013). Performance Measurement and Leisure Management. London: Routledge.

Andrew, A., Spracklen, K., (2012). Sport and Leisure Ethics, Rights and Social Relationships. London: Leisure Studies Association.

Benkő, Z., Modi, I., Tarkó, K., (2016). Leisure, Health and Well-Being: A Holistic Approach. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Best, S., (2009). Leisure Studies: Themes and Perspectives. London: Sage.

Buswell, J., Williams, C., Donne, K., Sutton, C., (2016). Service Quality in Leisure, Events, Tourism and Sport (2nd eds). Wallingford: CABI.

Bramham, P., (2014). An Introduction to Leisure Studies. London: Sage.

Carnicelli, S., McGillivray, D., McPherson, G., (2016). Digital Leisure Cultures: Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Caudwell, J., Browne, K., (2012). Sexualities, Spaces and Leisure Studies. London: Routledge.

Elkington, S., Gammon, S., (2013). Contemporary Perspectives in Leisure: Meanings, Motives and Lifelong Learning. London: Routledge.

Fletcher, T., Dashper, K., (2014). Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Sport and Leisure. London: Routledge.

Gammon, S., Elkington, S., (2015). Landscapes of Leisure: Space, Place and Identities. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gibson, H., Singleton, J., (2011). Leisure and Aging: Theory and Practice. London: Human Kinetics.

Horne, J., Jary, D., Tomlinson, A., (2014). Sport, Leisure and Social Relations. London: Routledge.

Horner, S., Swarbrooke, J., (2016). Leisure Marketing. London: Routledge.

Long, J., Fletcher, T., Watson, B., (2017). Sport, Leisure and Social Justice. London: Routledge.

Page, S. J., Connell, J., (2010). Leisure: An Introduction. London: Prentice Hall.

Rickly, J., Hannam, K., Mostafanezhad, M., (2016). Tourism and Leisure Mobilities: Politics, Work, and Play. London: Routledge.

Roberts, K., (2015). The Business of Leisure (2nd eds). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Roberts, K., (2016). Social Theory, Sport, Leisure. London: Routledge.

Rojek, C., Shaw, S. M., Veal, A. J., (2007). Handbook of Leisure Studies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Spracklen, K., (2013). Leisure, Sports & Society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Spracklen, K., (2013). Whiteness and Leisure. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Major Sporting Events

Holt, R., Ruta, D., (2015). Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy: Meeting the Challenge of Major Sports Events. London: Routledge.

Parent, M. M., Smith-Swan, S., (2012). Managing Major Sports Events: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.

Preuss, H., (2009). The Impact and Evaluation of Major Sporting Events. London: Routledge.

Schwarz, E. C., Westerbeek, H., Liu, D., Turner, P., Emery, P., (2016). Managing Sport Facilities and Major Events (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Marketing (including Principles and Services Marketing)

Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Harker, M., Brennan, R., (2012). Marketing: An Introduction (2nd eds). London: Pearson.

Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Opresnik, M. O., (2016). Marketing: An Introduction (13th eds). London: Pearson.

Baron, S., Harris, K., Hilton, T., (2008). Services Marketing: Text and Cases (3rd eds). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Davis, J. A., (2013). Measuring Marketing: 110+ Key Metrics Every Marketer Needs. London: Wiley & Sons.

Jobber, D., Ellis-Chadwick, F., (2016). Principles and Practice of Marketing (8th eds). London: McGraw-Hill.

Kotler, P., Armstrong, G., (2017). Principles of Marketing (17th eds). London: Pearson.

Kotler, P., Armstrong, G., Harris, L., Piercy, N. F., (2012). Principles of Marketing (6th eds). Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Lee, K., Carter, S., (2012). Global Marketing Management (3rd eds). Oxford: OUP.

Lovelock, C., Wirtz, J., (2011). Services Marketing: People, Technology, Strategy (7th eds). London: Pearson.

Oswald, L. R., (2012). Marketing Semiotics: Signs, Strategies, and Brand Value. Oxford: OUP.

Palmer, A., (2014). Principles of Services Marketing (7th eds). London: McGraw-Hill.

Wilson, A., Zeithaml, V. A., Bitner, M. J., Gremler, D. D., (2012). Services Marketing: Integrating Customer Focus Across the Firm (2nd eds). London: McGraw-Hill.

Medical Tourism

Botterill, D., Pennings, G., Mainil, T., (2013). Medical Tourism and Transnational Health Care. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Connell, J., (2011). Medical Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

DeMicco, F. J., (2016). Medical Tourism and Wellness: Hospitality Bridging Healthcare. New Jersey: Apple Academic Press.

Hall, M. C., (2012). Medical Tourism: The Ethics, Regulation, and Marketing of Health Mobility. London: Routledge.

Hodges, J. R., Turner, L., Kimball, A. M., (2012). Risks and Challenges in Medical Tourism: Understanding the Dynamics of the Global Market for Health Services. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers.


Broudehoux, A. M., (2017). Mega-events and Urban Image Construction. London: Routledge.

Frawley, S., (2016). Managing Sport Mega-Events. London: Routledge.

Frawley, S., Adair, D., (2014). Managing the Football World Cup. Virginia: AIAA.

Grix, J., (2014). Leveraging Legacies from Sports Mega-Events: Concepts and Cases. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Grix, J., (2016). Leveraging Mega-Event Legacies. London: Routledge.

Gruneau, R., Horne, J., (2015). Mega-Events and Globalization: Capital and Spectacle in a Changing World Order. London: Routledge.

Jackson, S., (2014). The Other Sport Mega-Event: Rugby World Cup 2011. London: Routledge.

Nobre, E. A. C., (2016). Sports Mega-Events and Urban Legacies: The 2014 FIFA World Cup, Brazil. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Roche, M.,(2017). Mega-Events and Social Change: Spectacle, Legacy and Public Culture. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Salazar, N. B., Timmerman, C., Wets, J., Gato, L. G., Van den Broucke, S., (2016). Mega-Event Mobilities: A critical analysis. London: Routledge.

Viehoff, V., Poynter, G., (2015). Mega-event Cities: Urban Legacies of Global Sports Events. London: Routledge.

Music Tourism

Krnger, S., Trandafoiu, R., (2013). The Globalization of Musics in Transit: Musical Migration and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Rommen, T., Neely, D. T., (2014). Sun, Sea, and Sound: Music and Tourism in the Circum-Caribbean. New York: OUP USA.

Olympic and Paralympic Games

Abebe, N., Bolton, M. T., Pavelka, M., Pierstorff, M., (2016). Bidding for Development: How the Olympic Bid Process Can Accelerate Transportation Development. New York: Springer.

Armstrong, G., Giulianotti, R., Hobbs, D., (2016). Policing the 2012 London Olympics: Legacy and Social Exclusion. London: Routledge.

Bajc, V., (2015). Surveilling and Securing the Olympics: From Toyko 1964 to London 2012 and Beyond. Virginia: AIAA.

Bernstock, P., (2014). Olympic Housing: A Critical Review of London 2012’s Legacy. London: Routledge.

Billings, A. C., Hardin, M., (2014). The Global Impact of Olympic Media at London 2012. London: Routledge.

Bissell, K., Perry, S. D., (2013). The Olympics, Media and Society. London: Routledge.

Bloyce, D., Smith, A., (2014). The ‘Olympic and Paralympic’ Effect on Public Policy. London: Routledge.

Brittain, I., (2016). The Paralympic Games Explained (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Brittain, I., (2012). From Stoke Mandeville to Stratford: A History of the Summer Paralympic Games. London: Common Ground Publishing.

Boykoff, J., (2013). Celebration Capitalism and the Olympic Games. London: Routledge.

Boykoff, J., (2016). Power Games: A Political History of the Olympics. London: Verso Books.

Chatziefstathiou, D., Henry, I. P., (2012). Discourses of Olympism: From the Sorbonne 1894 to London 2012. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cohen, P., (2013). On the Wrong Side of the Track? East London and the Post Olympics. London: Lawrence & Wishart.

Cohen, P., Watt, P., (2017). London 2012 and the Post-Olympics City – A Hollow Legacy? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Darcy, S., Frawley, S., Adair, D., (2016). Managing the Paralympics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Davis, J. A., (2012).  The Olympic Games Effect: The Value of Sports Marketing in Creating Successful Brands (2nd eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Evans, G., (2014). London’s Olympic Legacy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ferrand, A., Chappelet, J. L., Seguin, B., (2012). Olympic Marketing. London: Routledge.

Frawley, S., Adair, D., (2013). Managing the Olympics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fussey, P., Coaffee, J., Armstrong, G., Hobbs, D., (2011). Securing and Sustaining the Olympic City: Reconfiguring London for 2012 and Beyond. Surrey: Ashgate.

Gammon, S., Ramshaw, G., Waterton, E., (2014). Heritage and the Olympics: People, Place and Performance. London: Routledge.

Garcia, B., (2012). The Olympic Games and Cultural Policy. London: Routledge.

Girginov, V., (2010). The Olympics: A Critical Reader. London: Routledge.

Gold, J. R., Gold, M. M., (2016). Olympic Cities: City Agendas, Planning and the World’s Games, 1896 – 2020 (3rd eds). Oxford: Routledge.

Goldblatt, D., (2016). The Games: A Global History of the Olympics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hanstad, D. V., Parent, M. M., Houlihan, B., (2014). The Youth Olympic Games. London: Routledge.

Hassan, D., Mitra, S., (2014). The Olympic Games: Meeting New Global Challenges. London: Routledge.

Hayes, G., Karamichas, J., (2011). Olympic Games, Mega-Events and Civil Societies: Globalization, Environment, Resistance. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hiller, H. H., (2012). Host Cities and the Olympics: An Interactionist Approach. London: Routledge.

Horne, J., (2013). Leisure, Culture and the Olympic Games. London: Routledge.

Horne, J., Whannel, G., (2016). Understanding the Olympics (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Jennings, W., (2012). Olympic Risks. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lenskyj, H. J., (2012). Gender Politics and the Olympic Industry. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Karamichas, J., (2012). The Olympic Games and the Environment. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kassens-Noor, E., (2012). Planning Olympic Legacies: Transport Dreams and Urban Realities. London: Routledge.

Kennelly, J., (2016). Olympic Exclusions: Youth, Poverty and Social Legacies. London: Routledge.

Macaloon, J. J., (2013). The Flame Relay and the Olympic Movement. London: Routledge.

Mangan, J. A., Dyreson, M., (2013). Olympic Legacies: Intended and Unintended: Political, Cultural, Economic and Educational. London: Routledge.

Miah, A., Garcia, B., (2012). The Olympics: The Basics. London: Routledge.

McNamee, M., Parry, J., (2012). Olympic Ethics and Philosophy. London: Routledge.

Poynter, G., Viehoff, V., Li, Y., (2016). The London Olympics and Urban Development: The Mega-Event City. London: Routledge.

Reiche, D., (2016). Success and Failure of Countries at the Olympic Games. London: Routledge.

Robinson, M., (2015). Tourism at the Olympic Games: Visiting the World. London: Routledge.

Smith, B., (2013). Paralympics and Disability Sport. London: Routledge.

Spaaij, R., Burleson, C., (2013). The Olympic Movement and the Sport of Peacemaking. London: Routledge.

Sugden, J., Tomlinson, A., (2011). Watching the Olympics: Politics, Power and Representation. London: Routledge.

Theodoraki, E., (2007). Olympic Event Organization. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Tomlinson, A., (2015). The Olympic Legacy: Social Scientific Explorations. London: Routledge.

Toohey, K., Veal, A. J., (2007). The Olympic Games: A social science perspective (2nd eds). Wallingford: CABI.

Traganou, J., (2016). Designing the Olympics: Representation, Participation, Contestation. London: Routledge.

Tzanelli, R., (2013). Olympic Ceremonialism and The Performance of National Character: From London 2012 to Rio 2016. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wagg, S., (2015). The London Olympics of 2012: Politics, Promises and Legacy. Virginia: AIAA.

Weed, M. E., (2007). Olympic Tourism. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Organisational Behaviour in Sport and Tourism

Mullins, L. J., Dossor, P., (2013). Hospitality Management and Organisational Behaviour (5th eds). London: Pearson.

Stewart, B., Skinner, J., (2017). Organizational Behaviour in Sport. London: Routledge.

Research Methods for Sport and Tourism

Altinay. L., Paraskevas, A., Jang, S. C., (2015). Planning Research in Hospitality and Tourism (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Baggio, R., Klobas, J., (2011). Quantitative Methods in Tourism: A Handbook. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Beech, J., (2014). Doing Your Business Research Project. London: Sage.

Brotherton, B., (2015). Researching Hospitality and Tourism (2nd eds). London: Sage.

Bricker, K. S., Donohoe, H., (2015) Demystifying theories in tourism research. Wallingford: CABI.

Brunt, P., Horner, S., Semley, N., (2018). Research Methods in Tourism, Hospitality and Events Management. London: Sage.

Durbarry, R., (2017). Research Methods for Tourism Students. London: Routledge.

Dwyer, L., Gill, A., Seetaram, N., (2014). Handbook of Research Methods in Tourism: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Surrey: Edward Elgar.

Edwards, A., Skinner, J., (2016). Qualitative Research in Sport Management. London: Routledge.

Fox, D., Gouthro, M. B., Morakabati, Y., Brackstone, J., (2014). Doing Events Research: From Theory to Practice. London: Routledge.

Hyde, K. F., Ryan, C., Woodside, A. G., (2012). Field Guide to Case Study Research in Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure. London: Emerald.

Jones, I., (2014). Research Methods for Sports Studies (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Mason, P., (2011). Researching Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality for Your Dissertation. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Mayo, F. B., (2013). Planning an Applied Research Project in Hospitality, Tourism, and Sports. London: Wiley & Sons.

Pearce, D. G., (2012). Frameworks for Tourism Research. Wallingford: CABI.

Richards, G., Munsters, W., (2010). Cultural Tourism Research Methods. Wallingford: CABI.

Riddick, C. C., (2014). Research in Recreation, Parks, Sport & Tourism. Urbana: Sagamore.

Skinner, J., Edwards, A., (2014). Research Methods for Sport Management. London: Routledge.

Smith, A., Waddington, I., (2013). Doing Real World Research in Sports Studies. London: Routledge.

Smith, S. L. J., (2017). Practical Tourism Research. Wallingford: CABI.

Turk, E., Uysal, M., Hammitt, W. E., Vaske, J. J., (2017). Research Methods for Leisure, Recreation, and Tourism (2nd eds). Wallingford: CABI.

Veal, A. J., (2011). Research methods for leisure and tourism: A practical guide (4th eds). Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Veal, A. J., Darcy, S., (2014). Research Methods in Sport Studies and Sport Management: A Practical Guide. London: Routledge.

Responsible and Sustainable Tourism

Ali, A., Frew, A. J., (2012). Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainable Tourism. London: Routledge.

Benckendorff, P., Lund-Durlacher, D., (2013). International Cases in Sustainable Travel & Tourism. London: Goodfellow.

Cohen, S., Higham, J., Peeters, P., Gossling, S., (2014). Understanding and Governing Sustainable Tourism Mobility: Psychological and Behavioural Approaches. London: Routledge.

Cooper, M. J. M., Othman, N., Lew, A. A., Aslam, M., (2016). Sustainable Tourism in the Global South. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Edgell, D. L., (2016). Managing Sustainable Tourism: A legacy for the future (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

DeLacy, T., Jiang, M., Lipman, G., Vorster, S., (2014). Green Growth and Travelism: Concept, Policy and Practice for Sustainable Tourism. London: Routledge.

Fennell, D. A., (2014). Ecotourism (4th eds). London: Routledge.

Fischer, A., (2014). Sustainable Tourism. Stuttgart: Utb Gmbh.

Fletcher, R., (2014). Romancing the Wild: Cultural Dimensions of Ecotourism. North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Goodwin, H., (2016). Responsible Tourism: Using tourism for sustainable development (2nd eds). Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers.

Harris, R., Williams, P., Griffin, T., (2016). Sustainable Tourism (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Hughes, M., Weaver, D., Pforr, C., (2015). The Practice of Sustainable Tourism: Resolving the Paradox. London: Routledge.

Leslie, D., (2012). Responsible Tourism: Concepts, Theory and Practice. Wallingford: CABI.

Macleod, D. V. L., Gillespie, S. A., (2010). Sustainable Tourism in Rural Europe: Approaches to Development. London: Routledge.

McCool, S. F., Bosak, K., (2015). Reframing Sustainable Tourism. New York: Springer.

Weeden, C., (2013). Responsible Tourist Behaviour. London: Routledge.

Wood, M. E., (2017). Sustainable Tourism on a Finite Planet: Environmental, Business and Policy Solutions. London: Routledge.

Risk and Crisis Management in Sport and Tourism

Clifton, D., (2012). Hospitality Security: Managing Security in Today’s Hotel, Lodging, Entertainment, and Tourism Environment. London: CRC Press.

Ratz, T., Irimias, A., (2012). Risk and Uncertainty in Tourism: Theory and Practice. Kodolanyi Janos University of Applied Sciences.

Ritchie, J. R. B., (2009). Crisis and Disaster Management for Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Santana, G., (2014). Tourism and Crisis Management. London: I B Tauris & Co.

Visser, G., Ferreira, S., (2013). Tourism and Crises. London: Routledge.

Rural Tourism

Dashper, K., (2014). Rural Tourism: An International Perspective. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

George, W. E., Mair, H., Reid, D. G., (2009). Rural Tourism Development: Localism and Cultural Change. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Shucksmith, M., Brown, D. L., Shortall, S., Vergunst, J., Warner, M. E., (2012). Rural Transformations and Rural Policies in the US and UK. London: Routledge.

Somerville, P., Bosworth, G., (2013). Interpreting Rurality: Multidisciplinary Approaches. London: Routledge.

Slow Tourism

Clancy, M., (2017). Slow Tourism, Food and Cities: Pace and the Search for the ‘Good Life’. London: Routledge.

Dickinson, J., Lumsdon, L., (2010). Slow Travel and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Fullagar, S., Markwell, K. W., Wilson, E., (2012). Slow Tourism: Experiences and Mobilities. Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Slum Tourism

Colomb, C., Novy, J., (2016). Protest and Resistance in the Tourist City. London: Routledge.

Datta, A., Shaban, A., (2016). Mega-Urbanization in the Global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state. London: Routledge.

Freire-Medeiros, B., (2012). Touring Poverty. London: Routledge.

Frenzel, F., (2016). Slumming It. London: Zed Books.

Frenzel, F., Koens, K., (2014). Tourism and Geographies of Inequality: The New Global Slumming Phenomenon. London: Routledge.

Frenzel, F., Koens, K., Steinbrink, M., (2012). Slum Tourism: Poverty, Power and Ethics. London: Routledge.

Holden, A., (2013). Tourism, Poverty and Development in the Developing World. London: Routledge.

Scheyvens, R., (2013). Tourism and Poverty. London: Routledge.

Tzanelli, R., (2015). Mobility, Modernity and the Slum: The Real and Virtual Journeys of ‘Slumdog Millionaire’. London: Routledge.

Wisor, S., (2016). The Ethics of Global Poverty: An Introduction. London: Routledge.

Social Tourism

McCabe, S., Minnaert, L., Diekmann, A., (2011). Social Tourism in Europe: Theory and Practice. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Minnaert, L., Maitland, R., Miller, G., (2012). Social Tourism: Perspectives and Potential. London: Routledge.

Special Interest Tourism

Williams, P., (2016). Special Interest Tourism: Concepts, Contexts and Cases. Wallingford: CABI.

Sports Economics

Andreff, W., Szymanski, S., (2009). Handbook on the Economics of Sport. Surrey: Edward Elgar.

Cameron, S., (2013). Handbook on the Economics of Leisure. Surrey: Edward Elgar.

Downward, P., Dawson, A., Dejonghe, T., (2009). Sports Economics: Theory, Evidence and Policy. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Frick, B., (2017). Conquering the Pitch: The Economics of Soccer. New York: Springer.

Gratton, C., Liu, D., Ramchandani, G., Wilson, D., (2012). The Global Economics of Sport. London: Routledge.

Leeds, M., Von Allmen, P., (2014). The Economics of Sports (5th eds). London: Routledge.

Kuper, S., Szymanski, S., (2014). Soccernomics (3rd eds). New York: Nation Books.

Miller, R., (2014). The Economics of the Super Bowl. New York: Crabtree Publishing.

Sports and the Media

Billings, A. C., (2016). Defining Sport Communication. London: Routledge.

Billings, A. C., Ruihley, B. J., (2013). The Fantasy Sport Industry: Games within Games. London: Routledge.

Boyle, R., Haynes, R., (2009). Power Play: Sport, the Media and Popular Culture (2nd eds). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Hutchins, B., Rowe, D., (2013). Digital Media Sport: Technology and Power in the Network Society. London: Routledge.

Nicholson, M., Kerr, A., Sherwood, M., (2015). Sport and the Media: Managing the nexus (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Raney, A. A., (2014). Sports Media: Audiences, Industries, and Issues. London: Routledge.

Rowe, D., (2011). Global Media Sport: Flows, Forms and Futures. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Schultz, B., Arke, E. T., (2015). Sports Media: Reporting, Producing, and Planning (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Sports, Society and Culture

Coakley, J., (2014). Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies (11th eds). Berkshire: McGraw-Hill.

Coakley, J., Pike, E., (2014). Sports in Society (2nd eds). London: McGraw-Hill.

Craig, P., (2016). Sport Sociology. London: Sage.

Dashper, K., Fletcher, T., McCullough, N., (2014). Sports Events, Society and Culture. London: Routledge.

Dunning, E., (2013). Sociology of Sport. London: Polity Press.

Giulianotti, R., (2015). Sport: A Critical Sociology (2nd eds). London: Polity Press.

Hassan, D., Lusted, J., (2012). Managing Sport: Social and Cultural Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Horne, J., Tomlinson, A., Whannel, G., Woodward, K., (2012). Understanding Sport: A Socio-Cultural Analysis (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Houlihan, B., Malcolm, D., (2015). Sport and Society: A Student Introduction (3rd eds). London: Sage.

Jarvie, G., (2012). Sport, Culture and Society: An Introduction (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Silk, M., (2012). The Cultural Politics of Post-9/11 American Sport: Power, Pedagogy and the Popular. London: Routledge.

Spracklen, K., (2014). Exploring Sports and Society: A Critical Introduction for Students. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Young, K., (2016). Sociology of Sport: A Global Subdiscipline in Review. London: Emerald.

Sports Tourism

Anderson, J., (2017). Surfing Spaces. London: Routledge.

Borne, G., (2017). Surfing and Sustainability. London: Routledge.

Borne, G., Ponting, J., (2016). Sustainable Surfing. London: Routledge.

Dimmock, K., Musa, G., (2013). Scuba Diving Tourism. London: Routledge.

Harris, J., (2013). Sport, Tourism and National Identities. London: Routledge.

Gibson, H. J., (2007). Sport Tourism. London: Routledge.

Higham, J. E. S., (2016). Sport Tourism Destinations. London: Taylor & Francis.

Hinch T. D., Higham J. E. S., (2011). Sport Tourism Development (2nd eds). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Hudson, S., Hudson, L., (2014). Golf Tourism (2nd eds). London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Hudson, S., Hudson, L., (2015). Winter Sport Tourism: Working in Winter Wonderlands. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Varley, P., Taylor, S., Johnson, T., (2012). Adventure Tourism: Meaning, Experience and Education. London: Routledge.

Weed, M. E., (2007). Sport and Tourism: A Reader. London: Routledge.

Weed, M. E., Bull, C., (2009). Sports Tourism: Participants, policy and providers (2nd eds). London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Wilson, B., Millington, B., (2015). The Greening of Golf: Sport, Globalization and the Environment. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Sports Development

Coalter, F., (2013). Sport for Development: What game are we playing? London: Routledge.

Darnell, S., (2012). Sport for Development and Peace: A Critical Sociology. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Hallmann, K., Petry, K., (2013). Comparative Sport Development: Systems, Participation and Public Policy. New York: Springer.

Houlihan, B., Green, M., (2016). Comparative Elite Sport Development (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Hylton, K., (2013). Sports Development: Policy, Process and Practice. London: Routledge.

Kay, T., (2017). Understanding Sport in International Development. London: Routledge.

Levermore, R., Beacom, A., (2012). Sport and International Development. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Medcalf, R., Griggs, G., Biscomb, K., (2016). Current Issues in Contemporary Sport Development. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Robson, S., Simpson, K., Tucker, L., (2013). Strategic Sports Development. London: Routledge.

Schulenkorf, N., Adair, D., (2014). Global Sport-for-Development: Critical Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sherry, E., Schulenkorf, N., Phillips, P., (2016). Managing Sport Development: An International Approach. London: Routledge.

Sports Finance

Fried, G., DeSchriver, T. D., Mondello, M., (2013). Sport Finance (3rd eds). London: Human Kinetics.

Wilson, R., (2011). Managing Sport Finance. London: Routledge.

Sports Heritage

Gammon, S., Ramshaw, G., (2010). Heritage, Sport and Tourism: Sporting Pasts – Tourist Futures. London: Routledge. 

Hill, J., Moore, K., Wood, J., (2012). Sport, History, and Heritage: Studies in Public Representation. Suffolk: Boydell Press.

Inglis, S., (2014). Played in London: Charting the Heritage of a City at Play. London: English Heritage.

Phillips, M. G., (2012). Representing the Sporting Past in Museums and Halls of Fame. London: Routledge.

Polley, M., (2011). The British Olympics: Britain’s Olympic Heritage 1612-2012. London: English Heritage.

Ramshaw, G., (2015). Sport Heritage. London: Routledge.

Sports Business and Management

Anderson, E., (2012). Sport, Masculinities and Sexualities. London: Routledge.

Beech, J., Chadwick, S., (2013). The Business of Sports Management (2nd eds). Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Bradbury, T., O’Boyle, I., (2017). Understanding Sport Management: International Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Bridgewater, S., (2010). Football Management. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brooks, G., Aleem, A., Button, M., (2013). Fraud, Corruption and Sport. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Byers, T., (2015). Contemporary Issues in Sport Management: A Critical Introduction. London: Sage.

Cashmore, E., Dixon, K., (2016). Studying Football. London: Routledge.

Casper, J., Pfahl, M. E., (2014). Sport Management and the Natural Environment: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.

Chadwick, S., Arthur, D., Beech, J., (2017). International Cases in the Business of Sport (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Collins, T., (2013). Sport in Capitalist Society: A Short History. London: Routledge.

Dart, J., Wagg, S., (2016). Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dennis, M., Grix, J., (2012). Sport under Communism: Behind the East German ‘Miracle’. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Donnelly, P., Coakley, J., (2015). Sport: A Short Introduction. London: Routledge.

Elliott, R., Harris, J., (2016). Football and Migration: Perspectives, Places, Players. London: Routledge.

Foster, G., O’Reilly, N., Davila, A., (2016). Sports Business Management: Decision Making Around the Globe. London: Routledge.

Hassan, D., Brown, S., (2014). Sport and Communities. London: Routledge.

Hassan, D., Hamil, S., (2012). Who Owns Football?: Models of Football Governance and Management in International Sport. London: Routledge.

Hofmann, A. R., Gems, G., Smith, M., (2016). Global Perspectives on Sport and Physical Cultures. London: Routledge.

Howe, D. P., (2013). Sport for the Disabled: Culture and Identity. Oxford: Berg.

Howe, D. P., Morris, C., (2014). Sport and Natural Environments. London: Routledge.

Hoye, R., Smith, A., Nicholson, M., Stewart, B., (2015). Sport Management: Principles and Applications (4th eds). London: Routledge.

Malcolm, D., (2012). Sport and Sociology. London: Routledge.

Masteralexis, L. P., Barr, C. A., Hums, M., (2014). Principles and Practice of Sport Management (5th eds). London: Jones and Bartlett.

Nicholson, M., Hoye, R., (2016). Sport and Social Capital. London: Routledge.

Palacios-Huerta, I., (2014). Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Pitts, B. G., Zhang, J. J., (2016). Global Sport Management: Contemporary Issues and Inquiries. London: Routledge.

Robinson, L., Chelladurai, P., Bodet, G., Downward, P., (2014). Routledge Handbook of Sport Management. London: Routledge.

Ryall, E., (2016). Philosophy of Sport. London: Bloomsbury.

Sam, M. P., Hughson, J., (2013). Sport in the City: Cultural Connections. London: Routledge.

Schulenkorf, N., Frawley, S., (2016). Critical Issues in Global Sport Management. London: Routledge.

Spaaij, R., (2013). Sport and Social Mobility: Crossing Boundaries. London: Routledge.

Sulayem, M. B., O’Connor, S., Hassan, D., (2013). Sport Management in the Middle East: A Case Study Analysis. London: Routledge.

Taylor, P., (2011). Torkildsen’s Sport and Leisure Management (6th eds). London: Routledge.

Tomlinson, A., (2013). FIFA (FédérationInternationale de Football Association). London: Routledge.

Trenberth, L., Hassan, D., (2011). Managing Sport Business: An Introduction. London: Routledge.

Watt, D., (2013). Sports Management: An Introduction (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Wheaton, B., (2012). The Consumption and Representation of Lifestyle Sports. London: Routledge.

Wilson, R., Piekarz, M., (2015). Sport Management: The Basics. London: Routledge.

Woodward, K., (2012). Sporting Times. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Woratschek, H., Horbel, C., Popp, B., (2015). Value co-creation in sport management. London: Routledge.

Sports Marketing

Beech, J., Chadwick, S., (2006). The Marketing of Sport. Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Billings, A. C., Butterworth, M. L., Turman, P. D., (2014). Communication and Sport: Surveying the Field (2nd eds). London: Sage.

Blakey, P., (2011). Sport Marketing. Exeter: Learning Matters.

Bouchet, P., Hillairet, D., Bodet, G., (2013). Sport Brands. London: Routledge.

DeGaris, L., (2014). Sports Marketing: A Practical Approach. London: Routledge.

Desbordes, M., Richelieu, A., (2012). Global Sport Marketing: Contemporary Issues and Practice. London: Routledge.

Edwards, A., Chadwick, S., (2012). e-Marketing in Sport. London: Routledge.

Favorito, J., (2012). Sports Publicity: A Practical Approach (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Fetchko, M., Roy, D. P., Clow, K. E., (2012). Sports Marketing. London: Routledge.

Funk, D. C., Alexandris, K., McDonald, H., (2016). Sport Consumer Behaviour: Marketing Strategies. London: Routledge.

Hopwood, M., Skinner, J., Kitchin, P., (2010). Sport Public Relations and Communication. London: Routledge.

L’Etang, J., (2013). Sports Public Relations. London: Sage.

Mullin, B., Hardy, S., Sutton, W., (2014). Sport Marketing (4th eds). London: Human Kinetics.

Nufer, G., (2013). Ambush Marketing in Sport. London: Routledge.

Pitts, B. G., Stotlar, D. K., (2013). Fundamentals of Sport Marketing. Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology.

Pritchard, M., Stinson, J., (2013). Leveraging Brand in Sport Business. London: Routledge.

Scherer, J., Rowe, D., (2012). Sport, Public Broadcasting, and Cultural Citizenship: Signal Lost? London: Routledge.

Schwarz, E., Hunter, J. D., Lafleur, A., (2012). Advanced Theory and Practice in Sport Marketing. London: Routledge.

Shank, M. D., Lyberger, M., (2014). Sports Marketing: A Strategic Perspective (5th eds). London: Routledge.

Shilbury, D., Westerbeek, H., Quick, S., Karg, A., Funk, D., (2014). Strategic Sport Marketing (4th eds). London: Allen & Unwin.

Smith, A. C. T., Stewart, B., (2015). Introduction to Sport Marketing (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Supovitz. F., (2013). The Sports Event Management and Marketing Playbook (2nd eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Sports Policy and Politics

Bloyce, D., Smith, A., (2010). Sport Policy and Development: An Introduction. London: Routledge.

Grix, J., (2015). Sport Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Grix, J., Phillpots, L., (2013). Understanding UK Sport Policy: A Comparative Context. London: Routledge.

Houlihan, B., Lindsey, I., (2015). Sport Policy in Britain. London: Routledge.

Houlihan, B., McNamee, M., (2013). Anti-doping: Policy and Governance. London: Routledge.

Hoye, R., Cuskelly, G., (2015). Sport Governance. London: Routledge.

Jefferys, K., (2012). Sport and Politics in Modern Britain: The Road to 2012. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

King, N., (2009). Sport Policy and Governance: Local Perspectives. London: Elsevier.

King, N., (2016). Sport Governance: An Introduction. London: Routledge.

Nicholson, M., Hoye, R., Houlihan, B., (2011). Participation in Sport: International Policy Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Palmer, C., (2012). Global Sports Policy. London: Sage.

Sam, M., Jackson, S. J., (2016). Sport Policy in Small States. London: Routledge.

Scheerder, J., Willem, A., Claes, E., (2016). Sport Policy Systems and Sport Federations: A Cross-National Perspective. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sugden, J., (2013). Sport, Peace and Conflict Resolution: Between Idealism and Fatalism. London: Routledge.

Sugden, J., (2017). Sport and Peace-Building in Divided Societies: Playing with the Enemy. London: Routledge.

Veal, A. J., (2010). Leisure, Sport and Tourism: Politics, Policy and Planning (3rd eds). Wallingford: CABI.

Sports Sponsorship

Cornwell, B. T., (2014). Sponsorship in Marketing: Effective Communication through Sports, Arts and Events. London: Routledge.

Crompton, J. L., (2014). Sponsorship for Sport Managers. Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology.

Fortunato, J. A., (2013). Sports Sponsorship: Principles and Practices. Jefferson: McFarland & Co.

Lagae, W., (2005). Sports Sponsorship and Marketing Communications: A European Perspective. Harlow: Pearson.

McDonnell, I., Moir, M., (2013). Event Sponsorship.  London: Routledge.

Pedersen, P. M., Laucella, P., Kian, E., Geurin, A., (2016). Strategic Sport Communication (2nd eds). London: Human Kinetics.

Stotlar, D. K., (2013). Developing Successful Sport Sponsorship Plans (4th eds). Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology.

Strategic Management for Sport and Tourism

Evans, N., (2015). Strategic Management for Tourism, Hospitality and Events (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Moutinho, L., (2011). Strategic Management in Tourism (2nd eds). Wallingford: CABI.

Okumus, F., Altinay, L., Chathoth, P., (2010). Strategic Management for Hospitality and Tourism. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Peterson, D., (2016). Strategic Management for Tourism and Hospitality. New York: Willford Press.

Piekarz, M., Jenkins, I., Mills, P., (2015). Risk and Safety Management in the Leisure, Sport, Tourism and Events Industries. Wallingford: CABI.

Terrorism and Security in Sport and Tourism

Bennett, C. J., Haggerty, K., (2011). Security Games: Surveillance and Control at Mega-Events. London: Routledge.

Blanchard, L. A., Higgins-Desbiolles, F., (2013). Peace through Tourism: Promoting Human Security Through International Citizenship. London: Routledge.

Butler, R., Suntikul, W., (2012). Tourism and War. London: Routledge.

Coaffee, J., (2009). Terrorism, Risk and the Global City: Towards Urban Resilience. Surrey: Ashgate.

Mastrogiannakis, D., Dorville, C., (2014). Security and Sport Mega Events: A complex relation. London: Routledge.

Richards, A., Fussey, P., Silke, A., (2012). Terrorism and the Olympics: Major Event Security and Lessons for the Future. London: Routledge.

Scott, N., Laws, E., Prideaux, B., (2013). Safety and Security in Tourism: Recovery Marketing after Crises. London: Routledge.

Simpson, B., Simpson, C., (2010). From Heritage to Terrorism: Regulating Tourism in an Age of Uncertainty. London: Routledge.

Spencer, T., (2013). Personal Security: A Guide for International Travelers. London: CRC Press.

Taylor, C., Torpy, D. J., Das, D. K., (2012). Policing Tourism, Migration, Human Trafficking, and Terrorism. London: CRC Press.

Tarlow, P., (2014). Tourism Security: Strategies for Effectively Managing Travel Risk and Safety. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Tourism and Citizenship

Bianchi, R. V., Stephenson, M. L., (2014). Tourism and Citizenship: Rights, Freedoms and Responsibilities in the Age of Global Mobility. London: Pluto Press.

Tourism and Crime

Botterill, D., Jones, T., (2010). Tourism and Crime: Key Themes. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Briggs, D., (2013). Deviance and Risk on Holiday: An Ethnography of British Tourists in Ibiza. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jones, C., Barclay, E., Mawby, R., (2011). The Problem of Pleasure: Leisure, Tourism and Crime. London: Routledge.

Tourism and Retail

McIntyre, C., (2012). Tourism and Retail: The Psychogeography of Liminal Consumption. London: Routledge.

Laing, J., Frost, W., (2013). Fashion, Design and Events. London: Routledge.

Woodside, A. G., Ko, E., (2013). Luxury Fashion and Culture. London: Emerald.

Tourism Development 

Lea, J., (2016). Tourism and Development in the Third World. London: Routledge.

Nunkoo, R., Smith, S., (2014). Trust, Tourism Development and Planning. London: Routledge.

Telfer, D. J., Sharpley, R., (2015). Tourism and Development in the Developing World (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Tourism, Environment and Sustainability

Becken, S., Hay, J., (2012). Climate Change and Tourism: From Policy to Practice. London: Routledge.

Bull, A., (2017). Coastal and Marine Tourism. London: Routledge.

Chen, J. S., Prebensen, N. K., (2017). Nature Tourism. London: Routledge.

Gophen, M., (2015). Hula Valley: Ecology, Hydrology, Agriculture, Nutrient Dynamics, Tourism and Nature Conservation. New York: Springer.

Hall, M. C., Lew, A. A., (2009). Understanding and Managing Tourism Impacts: An Integrated Approach. London: Routledge.

Holden, A., (2016). Environment and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Jauhari, V., (2014). Managing Sustainability in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry: Paradigms and Directions for the Future. New Jersey: Apple Academic Press.

Jenkins, I., Schröder, R., (2013). Sustainability in Tourism: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Wiesbaden: Springer Gabler.

Jiang, M., DeLacy, T., Lipman, G., (2013). Travel, Tourism and Green Growth. London: Routledge.

Leslie, D., (2013). Tourism Enterprises and Sustainable Development: International Perspectives on Responses to the Sustainability Agenda. London: Routledge.

Leslie, D., (2014). Tourism Enterprise: Developments, Management and Sustainability. Wallingford: CABI.

McGaurr, L., (2015). Environmental Communication and Travel Journalism: Consumerism, Conflict and Concern. London: Routledge.

Miller, A. P., (2016). Sustainable Ecotourism in Central America: Comparative Advantage in a Globalized World. Maryland: Lexington Books.

Mowforth, M., Munt, I., (2015). Tourism and Sustainability: Development, Globalisation and New Tourism in the Third World (4th eds). London: Routledge.

Müller, D. K., Lundmark, L., Lemelin, R. H., (2012). New Issues in Polar Tourism: Communities, Environments, Politics. New York: Springer.

Newsome, D., Moore, S. A., Dowling, R. K., (2012). Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts and Management (2nd eds). Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Orsi, F., (2015). Sustainable Transportation in Natural and Protected Areas. London: Routledge.

Richins, H., Hull, J., (2015). Mountain Tourism: Experiences, Communities, Environments and Sustainable Futures. Wallingford: CABI.

Papathanassis, A., Lukovic, T., Vogel, M., (2012). Cruise Tourism and Society: A Socio-economic Perspective. New York: Springer.

Parsa, H. G., Narapareddy, V., (2014). Sustainability, Social Responsibility and Innovations in the Hospitality Industry. New Jersey: Apple Academic Press.

Prideaux, B., (2014). Rainforest Tourism, Conservation and Management: Challenges for Sustainable Development. London: Routledge.

Prideaux, B., McKercher, B., McNamara, K., (2014). Climate Change and Tourism in the Asia Pacific. London: Routledge.

Reddy, V., Wilkes, K., (2012). Tourism, Climate Change and Sustainability. London: Routledge.

Reddy, V., Wilkes, K., (2015). Tourism in the Green Economy. London: Routledge.

Roura, R. M., (2012). The Footprint of Polar Tourism: Tourist Behaviour at Cultural Heritage Sites in Antarctica and Svalbard. Eelde: Barkhuis.

Saarinen, J., Rogerson, C. M., Manwa, H., (2012). Tourism and the Millennium Development Goals: Tourism, Local Communities and Development. London: Routledge.

Scott, D., Hall, M. C., Gossling, S., (2012). Tourism and Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation. London: Routledge.

Sharpley, R., (2009). Tourism Development and the Environment: Beyond Sustainability? London: Routledge.

Stonehouse, B., Snyder, J., (2010). Polar Tourism: An Environmental Perspective. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Urry, J., (2011). Climate Change and Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Wearing, S. L., Schweinsberg, S., Tower, J., (2016). Marketing National Parks for Sustainable Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Weeden, C., Dowling, R., (2016). Cruise Ship Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Tourism Economics

Dwyer, L., Forsyth, P., Dwyer, W., (2010). Tourism Economics and Policy. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Matias, A., Nijkamp, P., Romão, J., (2016). Impact Assessment in Tourism Economics. New York: Springer.

Meng, S., Siriwardana, M., (2016). Assessing the Economic Impact of Tourism: A Computable General Equilibrium Modelling Approach. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Stabler, M. J., Papatheodorou, A., Sinclair, M. T., (2009). The Economics of Tourism (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Tribe, J., (2015). The Economics of Recreation, Leisure and Tourism (5th eds). London: Routledge.

Tourism in Asia

Hall, M. C., Page, S. J., (2016). The Routledge Handbook of Tourism in Asia. London: Routledge.

Harrison, D., Lew, A. A., King, V., (2017). Tourism in Asia CC 4V. London: Routledge.

Hitchcock, M., King, V. T., Parnwell, M., (2010). Heritage Tourism in Southeast Asia. Copenhagen: NIAS Press.

Funck, C., Cooper, M., (2013). Japanese Tourism. Oxford: Berghahn.

Ryan, C., Huang, S., (2013). Tourism in China: Destinations, Planning and Experiences. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Shepherd, R. J., Yu, L., (2013). Heritage Management, Tourism, and Governance in China: Managing the Past to Serve the Present. London: Springer.

Xu, G., (2016). Tourism and Local Development in China: Case Studies of Guilin, Suzhou and Beidaihe. London: Routledge.

Tourism Management and Business

Albrecht, J. N., (2016). Visitor Management in Tourism Destinations. Wallingford: CABI.

Ateljevic, I., Morgan, N., Pritchard, A., (2011). The Critical Turn in Tourism Studies: Creating an Academy of Hope. London: Routledge.

Baggio, R., Czakon, W., Mariani, M. M., (2013). Managing Tourism in a Changing World: Issues and Cases. London: Routledge.

Beech, J., Chadwick, S., (2005). The Business of Tourism Management. London: Prentice Hall.

Beeton, S., (2015). Travel, Tourism and the Moving Image. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Bell, D., Parker, M., (2009). Space Travel and Culture: from Apollo to Space Tourism. London: Wiley-Blackwell.

Bellini, N., Pasquinelli, C., (2016). Tourism in the City: Towards an Integrative Agenda on Urban Tourism. New York: Springer.

Boniface, B., Cooper, R., Cooper, C., (2016). Worldwide Destinations: The geography of travel and tourism (7th eds). London: Routledge.

Botterill, D., Platenkamp, V., (2012). Key Concepts in Tourism Research. London: Sage.

Boyd, S., (2013). The Geography of Tourism. London: Polity Press.

Brouder, P., Clavé, S. A., Gill, A., Ioannides, D., (2016). Tourism Destination Evolution. London: Routledge.

Cave, J., Jolliffe, L., Baum, T., (2013). Tourism and Souvenirs: Glocal Perspectives from the Margins. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Coles, T., Hall, M. C., (2008). International Business and Tourism: Global Issues, Contemporary Interactions. London: Routledge.

Cook, R. A., Marqua, J. J., Hsu, C. J., (2013). Tourism: The Business of Hospitality and Travel (5th eds). London: Publisher.

Cooper, C., (2016). Essentials of Tourism (2nd eds). London: Pearson.

Correia, A., Kozak, M., Gnoth, J., Fyall, A., (2017). Co-Creation and Well-Being in Tourism. New York: Springer.

Duncan, T., Cohen, S. A., Thulemark, M., (2013). Lifestyle Mobilities. Surrey: Ashgate.

Filep, S., Laing, J., Csikszentmihalyi, M., (2016). Positive Tourism. London: Routledge.

Fletcher, J., Gilbert, D., Fyall, A., Wanhill, S., (2013). Tourism: Principles and Practice (5th eds). London: Pearson.

Frew, E., White, L., (2011). Tourism and National Identities: An International Perspective. London: Routledge.

Fyall, A., Garrod, B., Leask, A., Wanhill, S., (2008). Managing Visitor Attractions: New Directions (2nd eds). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Fyall, A., Legoherel, P., Poutier, E., (2013). Revenue Management for Hospitality and Tourism. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Gardetti, M. A., Torres, A. L., (2015). Sustainability in Hospitality: How Innovative Hotels are Transforming the Industry. Saltaire: Greenleaf Publishing.

Goeldner, C. R., Ritchie, J. R. B., (2011). Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies (12th eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

Grieco, M., Urry, J., (2012). Mobilities: New perspectives on transport and society. Surrey: Ashgate.

Gross, S., Klemmer, L., (2014). Introduction to Tourism Transport. Wallingford: CABI.

Hall, M. C., Cooper, C., (2016). Contemporary Tourism: An International Approach (3rd eds). Oxford: Goodfellow.

Hassanien, A., Dale, C., (2013). Facilities Management and Development for Tourism, Hospitality and Events. Wallingford: CABI.

Hayward, R., Graham, D. Y., Soane, J., McClelland, Z., (2017). Management of International Resort Hotel Operations. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Heeley, J., (2011). Inside City Tourism: A European Perspective. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Holloway, C., Humphreys, C., (2016). The Business of Tourism (10th eds). London: Pearson.

Hudson, S., Hudson, L., (2012). Customer Service in Tourism and Hospitality. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Inkson, C., Minnaert, L., (2012). Tourism Management: An Introduction. London: Sage.

Knox, D., (2018). Tourist Cities. London: Routledge.

Kozak, M., Kozak, N., (2015). Tourism and Hospitality Management. London: Emerald.

Laing, J., Frost, W., (2012). Books and Travel: Inspiration, Quests and Transformation. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Lean, G., Staiff, R., Waterton, W., (2014). Travel and Imagination. Surrey: Ashgate.

Lew, A. A., Hall, C. M., Timothy, D. J., (2015). World Regional Geography: Human Mobilities Tourism Destinations Sustainable Environments (2nd eds). Phoenix: Kendall Hunt.

Lickorish, L. J., Jenkins, C. L., (2016). Introduction to Tourism. London: Routledge.

Linden, H., Linden, S., (2016). Fans and Fan Cultures: Tourism, Consumerism and Social Media. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Long, P., Morpeth, N. D., (2016). Tourism and the Creative Industries: Theories, Policies and Practice. London: Routledge.

Lovelock, B., Lovelock, K., (2013). The Ethics of Tourism: Critical and Applied Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Lyon, S. M., Wells, C. E., (2012). Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage and Economic Encounters. Lanham: AltaMira Press.

Lukovic, T., (2013). Nautical Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Macleod, D., Carrier, J. G., (2010). Tourism, Power and Culture: Anthropological Insights. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Mariani, M., Baggio, R., Buhalis, D., Longhi, C., (2016). Tourism Management, Marketing, and Development: Volume I: The Importance of Networks and ICTs. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mariani, M., Buhalis, D., (2015). Tourism Management, Marketing, and Development: Performance, Strategies, and Sustainability. Virginia: AIAA.

Maitland, R., (2013). Tourism in National Capitals and Global Change. London: Routledge.

Maccannell, D., (2013). The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class. California: University of California Press.

McLeod, M. T., Vaughan, R., (2014). Knowledge Networks and Tourism. London: Routledge.

Metro-Roland, M. M., (2011). Tourists, Signs and the City. Surrey: Ashgate.

Molz, J. G., (2012). Travel Connections: Tourism, Technology and Togetherness in a Mobile World. London: Routledge.

Mondejar-Jimenez, J., Ferrari, G., Vargas-Vargas, M., (2012). Research Studies on Tourism and Environment. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Mostafanezhad, M., Norum, R., Shelton, E. J., Thompson-Carr, A., (2016). Political Ecology of Tourism: Community, Power and the Environment. London: Routledge.

Murphy, P. E., (2014). Tourism: A Community Approach. London: Routledge.

Netto, A. P., (2016). Tourism Theory (3rd eds). Wallingford: CABI.

Page, S. J., (2014). Tourism Management (5th eds). London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Page, S., Connell, J., (2014). Tourism: A Modern Synthesis (4th eds). London: Cengage Learning.

Page, S., Hall, M. C., (2014). The Geography of Tourism and Recreation: Environment, Place and Space. London: Routledge.

Pearce, D. G., Butler, R. W., (2010). Tourism Research: A 20:20 Vision. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Pons, P. O., Crang, M. A., (2017). Tourism Studies: The Basics. London: Routledge.

Reisinger, Y., (2013). Transformational Tourism: Tourist Perspectives. Wallingford: CABI.

Robinson, P., (2012). Tourism: The Key Concepts. London: Routledge.

Robinson, P., Heitmann, S., Dieke, P. U. C., (2011). Research Themes for Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Salazar, N. B., (2012). Envisioning Eden: Mobilizing Imaginaries in Tourism and Beyond. Oxford: Berghahn.

Salazar, N. B., Graburn, N. H. H., (2014). Tourism Imaginaries: Anthropological Approaches. Oxford: Berghahn Books

Shoval, N., Isaacson, M., (2013). Tourist Mobility and Advanced Tracking Technologies. London: Routledge.

Singh, T. V., (2012). Critical Debates in Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Skinner, J., Theodossopoulos, D., (2011). Great Expectations: Imagination and Anticipation in Tourism. Oxford: Berghahn.

Smith, M. K., (2006). Tourism, Culture and Regeneration. Wallingford: CABI.

Smith, M., MacLeod, N., Robertson, M. H., (2010). Key Concepts in Tourist Studies. London: Sage.

Smith, S. L. J., Robinson, P., Lück, M., (2013). Tourism. Wallingford: CABI.

Spiess, A., Al-Mubarak, F., Weber, A. S.,(2018). Tourism Development in the GCC States: Reconciling Economic Growth, Conservation and Sustainable Development. New York: Springer.

Spilsbury, L., (2014). Development or Destruction?: Travel and Tourism. London: Wayland.

Stevenson, D., Matthews, A., (2012). Culture and the City: Creativity, Tourism, Leisure. London: Routledge.

Theobald, W. F., (2016). Global Tourism (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Törnqvist, M., (2015). Tourism and the Globalization of Emotions. London: Routledge.

Tribe, J., (2009). Philosophical Issues in Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Tribe, J., (2016). Strategy for Tourism. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Urry, J., (2013). Societies Beyond Oil: Oil Dregs and Social Futures. London: Zed.

Urry, J., Larsen, J., (2011). The Tourist Gaze 3.0 (3rd eds). London: Sage.

Viken, A., Granas, B., (2014). Tourism Destination Development: Turns and Tactics. Surrey: Ashgate.

Weaver, D., (2014). Tourism Management (5th eds). London: Wiley & Sons.

White, L., (2017). Commercial Nationalism and Tourism: Selling the National Story. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Williams, S., Lew, A. A., (2014). Tourism Geography: Critical Understandings of Place, Space and Experience (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Wilson, J., Clavé, S. A., Jafari, J., (2013). Geographies of Tourism: European Research Perspectives. London: Emerald.

Witt, S. F., Brooke, M. Z., Buckley, P. J., (2014). The Management of International Tourism. London: Routledge.

Tourism Marketing

Ashworth, G., Goodall, B., (2014). Marketing Tourism Places. London: Routledge.

Christou, E., Sigala, M., (2012). Social Media in Travel, Tourism and Hospitality. Surrey: Ashgate.

Hall, M., (2013). Tourism and Social Marketing. London: Routledge.

Hudson, S., (2008). Tourism and Hospitality Marketing: A Global Perspective. London: Sage.

Kotler, P. R., Bowen, J. T., Makens, J., Baloglu, S., (2016). Marketing for Hospitality and Tourism (7th eds). London: Pearson.

Kozak, M., Andreu, L., Gnoth, J., Lebe, S., Fyall, A., (2013). Tourism Marketing: On Both Sides of the Counter. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars.

Middleton, V., Fyall, A., Morgan, M., Ranchhod, A., (2009). Marketing in Travel and Tourism (4th eds). London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Moretti, A., (2016). Tourism Marketing. New York: Willford Press.

Morrison, A., (2013). Marketing and Managing Tourism Destinations. London: Routledge.

Morrison, A., Gretzel, U., (2017). Tourism Marketing: In the Age of the Consumer. London: Routledge.

Munar, A, M., Gyimthy, S., Cai, L., (2013). Tourism Social Media: Transformations in Identity, Community and Culture. London: Emerald.

Ray, N., Kumar, R., Das, D. K., (2016). Tourism Marketing: A Strategic Approach. New Jersey: Apple Academic Press.

Tresidder, R., Hirst, H., (2016). Marketing Tourism, Events and Food: A Customer Based Approach. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Tourism Policy and Politics

Dredge, D., Jenkins, J., (2011). Stories of Practice: Tourism Policy and Planning. Surrey: Ashgate.

Edgell, D. L., Swanson, J., (2013). Tourism Policy and Planning: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. London: Routledge.

Kennell, J., Chaperon, S., (2018). Tourism and Public Policy. London: Routledge.

Morrison, A., Bihu, W., (2016). Tourism Policy, Planning and Development. London: Routledge.

Phillips, R., Roberts, S., (2012). Tourism, Planning, and Community Development.  London: Routledge.

Tourist Behaviour and Experience

Bowen, D., Clarke, J., (2009). Contemporary Tourist Behaviour: Yourself and Others as Tourists. Wallingford: CABI.

Filep, S., Pearce, P., (2013). Tourist Experience and Fulfilment: Insights from Positive Psychology. London: Routledge.

Frochot, I., Batat, W., (2013). Marketing and Designing the Tourist Experience. London: Goodfellow.

Horner, S., Swarbrooke, J., (2016). Consumer Behaviour in Tourism (3rd eds). London: Routledge.

Kozak, M., Kozak, N., (2016). Tourist Behaviour: International Perspectives. Wallingford: CABI.

Lester, J., Scarles, C., (2013). Mediating the Tourist Experience. Surrey: Ashgate.

Morgan, M., Lugosi, P., Ritchie, J. R. B., (2010). The Tourism and Leisure Experience: Consumer and Managerial Perspectives. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Pearce, P. L., (2011). Tourist Behaviour and the Contemporary World. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Scott, N., Laws, E., Boksberger, P., (2012). Marketing of Tourism Experiences. London: Routledge.

Sharpley, R., (2016). Tourist Experience. London: Routledge.

Sharpley, R., Stone, P., (2012). Contemporary Tourist Experience: Concepts and Consequences. London: Routledge.

Volunteer Tourism

Benson, A. M., (2010). Volunteer Tourism: Theoretical Frameworks and Practical Applications. London: Routledge.

Benson, A. M., (2017). Research Volunteer Tourism. London: Routledge.

Holmes, K., Smith, K., (2009). Managing Volunteers in Tourism: Attractions, Destinations and Events. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Mostafanezhad, M., (2014). Volunteer Tourism: Popular Humanitarianism in Neoliberal Times. London: Routledge.

Wearing, S., (2013). Volunteer Tourism: Integrating Travellers and Communities. Wallingford: CABI.

Wearing, S. L., Benson, A., Mostafanezhad, M., (2016). Practicing Sustainable International Volunteer Tourism. London: Goodfellow Publishers.

Wellness Tourism

Erfurt-Cooper, P., Cooper, M., (2009). Health and Wellness Tourism: Spas and Hot Springs. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Peris-Ortiz, M., Alvarez-Garcia, J., (2014). Health and Wellness Tourism: Emergence of a New Market Segment. New York: Springer.

Smith, M., Puczko, L., (2008). Health and Wellness Tourism. London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Smith, M., Puczko, L., (2013). Health, Tourism and Hospitality: Spas, Wellness and Medical Travel (2nd eds). London: Routledge.

Voigt, C., Pforr, C., (2013). Wellness Tourism: A Destination Perspective. London: Routledge.

Wildlife Tourism

Bell, S., Simpson, M., (2015). European Forest Recreation and Tourism: A Handbook. London: Taylor & Francis.

Fatima, J. K., (2016). Wilderness of Wildlife Tourism. New Jersey: Apple Academic Press.

Frost, W., (2010). Zoos and Tourism: Conservation, Education, Entertainment? Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Higham, J., Luck, M., (2007). Marine Wildlife and Tourism Management: Insights from the Natural and Social Sciences. Wallingford: CABI.

Markwell, K., (2015). Animals and Tourism: Understanding Diverse Relationships. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Newsome, D., Dowling, R. K., Moore, S. A., (2005). Wildlife Tourism. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Social Networking Sites – Tools for Future Academic Development

After uploading my undergraduate dissertation thesis to, I felt it necessary to discuss the role of social networking sites as tools or resources for future academic development. Increasingly over the course of my university studies I have found myself encapsulated by the delights of published academic papers. Academics are slowly gaining new-found respect from their peers for disseminating insightful industry related news to their social media followers. Notably Simon Chadwick has been branded a top tweeter for his use of the popular social media website, in addition to other academics such as Alan Seymour being voted 61/100 of the top marketing professors around the world on Twitter by the Social Media Marketing Magazine. I myself have started to take advantage of the array of social media forms on offer by setting up a number of online profiles using websites, such as